A concussion is the experience of a brain injury that occurs when physical/rotational forces act on the brain. These forces damage brain cells and don’t allow the brain to function at its best, which can result in symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nausea, poor balance, memory loss, irritability, and sadness. Loss of consciousness is NOT needed to be diagnosed with a concussion.

Symptoms of a concussion are almost always noticeable immediately the injury and can last as long as 10-15 days. Our doctors believe that immediate rest after an injury is the best way to assure timely recovery and will make all necessary recommendations for removal from school, work, and athletics to give patients a chance to feel better as soon as possible. The scientific literature is clear: recovery is favorable and there is no evidence for long term cognitive damage. Patients with concussion do not require long-term absences from work and school. Often, long-term absences from activity can be detrimental to recovery and prolong symptoms unnecessarily.

The rate of concussion varies greatly across sport, with the greatest incidence in contact sports such as football, hockey, and wrestling. Some research suggests that about 10% of players over the course of a season will be diagnosed with a concussion and roughly 15% of athletes with a concussion will sustain another injury. While research consistently suggests that each injury places an athlete at a higher risk to sustain an additional concussion, properly managing an injury can significantly reduce the chances of getting another concussion.